1st January celebration as a new year was a relatively a new paradox in Mesopotamia in 2000 BC. New Year was celebrated for the time in vernal equinox, in the middle of the month of March. In ancient cultures varied dates were also used to celebrate this New Year. Some accords too, seasons and cultures too. At this time of winter solstice the Greek considered it to be the New Year. The Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Persians celebrated New Year with the fall of equinox. Let us know about the history behind new year celebrations. You will be amazed about the different customs and traditions behind New Year Celebrations and New Year Date.
March 1st considered to be the New Year for early Romans
The early roman calendars used to have just 10 months where the march sets the beginning. march 1 is considered to be the new year for the roman calendar .all these months reflect the starting of the new year from march because septum is seven , oct is eight , novem is nine and December is ten . Romans considered March beginning to be the beginning of their new year.
January added to the Calendar
The existence of January also came in 153 BC. in Rome only. It was celebrated on January 1. In fact at the time of 700 B.C. January did not even take place, NUMA PONTILIUS add the months called January and February? The beginning of the civil year was from January 1 so the New Year was shifted from March to January, the highest officials of the roman republican were elected at the beginning of January named as roman consuls. They began their one year tenure but sometimes march 1 was celebrated as New Year, this date was not strictly celebrated.
Officially January 1 instituted as the New Year
Julius Caesar, in 46 B.C. brought into existence the solar based calendars that brought about a significant change in the ancient roman calendars. The lunar based calendars were inaccurate and due to this accuracy could not be obtained. He then instituted that January will be the New Year officially.